Report: School achievement gaps show need for ‘No Child’ overhaul

With the House and Senate set to take up bills to replace the No Child Left Behind Act, the White House released a report showing a wide achievement gap between the top- and bottom-performing schools in each state. (Photo by biologycorner via flickr/Creative Commons)

WASHINGTON – Schools across the country have made “remarkable progress” toward closing achievement gaps between different groups of students, but “troubling achievement gaps” remain for the lowest-performing schools, administration officials said Monday.

A state-by-state report released by the White House showed a wide disparity in reading and math scores and in graduation rates, which led administration officials to urge Congress to address those problems in a rewrite of the No Child Left Behind Act.

Mind the gaps

Arizona did not fare well in a report on the achievement gap between a state’s lowest-performing schools and all other schools in the state. Numbers here have been rounded:

Arizona math proficiency:

  • Low-performing schools: 28 percent
  • All other schools: 64 percent
  • Achievement gap: 37 percent
  • Rank: 21st highest gap (tied with Tennessee)

    Arizona reading proficiency:

  • Low-performing schools: 49 percent
  • All other schools: 79 percent
  • Achievement gap: 29 percent
  • Rank: 32nd highest gap (tied with five other states)

    Arizona graduation rates:

  • Low-performing schools: 30 percent
  • All other schools: 85 percent
  • Achievement gap: 54 percent
  • Rank: 8th highest gap (tied with Michigan)
  • “We have to ensure that every state develops an accountability system that is structured to close our troubling achievement and opportunity gaps, especially in our lowest-performing 5 percentage schools,” said Cecilia Munoz, the director of the White House’s Domestic Policy Council.

    The call comes as Congress is set to take up consideration of separate bills to replace the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, better known since 2002 as No Child Left Behind.

    The Senate is scheduled to start debate Tuesday on its version of a bill to reauthorize the act, the Every Child Achieves Act.

    The House could begin consideration of its version of the bill, the Student Success Act, as early as Wednesday.

    Administration officials did not take a specific stand on either bill during a conference call to release the disparity report Monday, but said that any new bill must direct help to low-performing schools and give states flexibility to achieve those goals.

    “We are seeing remarkable progress in our schools with the highest graduation rates in history, achievement gaps narrowing for minority students and more than 1 million additional black and Latino students going on to college,” Education Secretary Arne Duncan said.

    “However, to live up to ESEA’s legacy as a civil rights law we join with numerous civil rights and business groups in urging significant improvements be made to the bill to make a law that will further equity rather than moving backwards,” he said.

    The report showed that the bottom 5 percent of schools in Arizona had math mastery scores that were 37 percentage points lower than other schools in the state, and reading scores that were 29 percentage points behind. Those gaps were 21st- and 32nd-highest among states, respectively.

    Arizona fared worse in its graduation rate gap of 54 percentage points, the eighth-highest rate in the nation.

    The report also broke out test results by race for each state, and for students with disabilities and students who are English-language learners.

    The results were mixed, but the state had its worst showing in the score of its English-language learners when compared to other states, with Arizona fourth-graders finishing 44th for both reading and math scores.

    Timothy L. Ogle, executive director of the Arizona School Boards Association, said there is a “heartfelt need” to provide more resources for English-language learners in primary grades, when language development is so critical.

    “Anything we can do to improve language skills along the way is going to pay big dividends in our school performance,” said Ogle, who welcomed the call to replace No Child Left Behind with a more moderate law.

    Munoz said No Child Left Behind was supposed to address problems in 2000, when school reporting was not so rigorous and there was dropout rate of 28 percent for Latinos and more than 13 percent for African American students.

    While it has helped, the law has not fulfilled its promise of ensuring student success, she said, which is why it’s important for lawmakers to act now.

    “As Congress takes this up, it is important to remember that we’ve made tremendous progress and to understand why and how we made that progress and build on it,” Munoz said.

    But Ogle noted that Arizona schools have “faced the most dramatic cuts to K-12 education spending of any state in the nation,” and that the state faces other challenges.

    “While we have cut schools more than any other state the fact remains that we have the fifth-highest poverty rate of the 50 states,” and that rate has been increasing, he said.